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 常见英语标点符号的用法

逗号 Comma [,]

句子中的停顿
Therefore, we should write a letter to the prime minister.
在疑问句中引出说话人:
"I can come today," she said, "but not tomorrow."
排列三个或以上的名词:
Ontario, Quebec, and B.C. are the three biggest provinces.
引出定语从句
Emily Carr, who was born in 1871, was a great painter.

句号 Period [.]

用以表示一个句子的结束
Hockey is a popular sport in Canada.
The federal government is based in Ottawa.
用在缩写中
B.C. is the province located on the West Coast.
Dr. Bethune was a Canadian who worked in China.
The company is located at 888 Bay St. in Toronto.
It is 4:00 p.m. in Halifax right now.

问号 Question Mark [?]

在句子的结尾使用问号表示是直接疑问句:
How many provinces are there in Canada?
注意:在间接疑问句结尾不要加问号:
The teacher asked the class a question.
Do not ask me why.

叹号 Exclamation Mark [!]

在句子的结尾使用叹号表示惊讶、兴奋等情绪:
We won the Stanley Cup!
The forest is on fire!

单引号 Apostrophe [']

表示所有
This is David's computer.
These are the player's things. (things that belong to the player)
Note: 对于复数形式的名词,只加'
These are the players' things. (things that belong to the players)
缩写I don't know how to fix it.

引号Quotation Marks ["]

直接引出某人说的话:
The prime minister said, "We will win the election."
"I can come today," she said, "but not tomorrow."

冒号Colon [:]

引出一系列名词
There are three positions in hockey: goalie, defence, and forward.
引出一个较长的引语
The prime minister said: "We will fight. We will not give up. We will win the next election."

分号Semicolon [;]

将两个相关的句子连接起来
The festival is very popular; people from all over the world visit each year.
和逗号一同使用引出一系列名词
The three biggest cities in Canada are Toronto, Ontario; Montreal, Quebec; and Vancouver, B.C.

破折号Dash [-]

在一个句子前作总结
Mild, wet, and cloudy - these are the characteristics of weather in Vancouver.
在一个句子的前面或后面加入额外的注释
The children - Pierre, Laura, and Ashley - went to the store. Most Canadians - but not all - voted in the last election.
表示某人在说话过程中被打断
The woman said, "I want to ask - " when the earthquake began to shake the room.

连字符Hyphen [-]

连接两个单词
sweet-smelling
fire-resistant
将前缀
anti-Canadian
non-contact
在数字中使用
one-quarter
twenty-three

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